The United States has a long history of illegal gambling in sports. Gambling scandals and political control have ended in the prohibition and regulation of sports gambling in the USA. Laws that related to sports gambling along with other standards have been changing and these changes have been described as “Waves”. The first of these waves was during the Colonial Period that lasted up until the 1800s. The second wave took place at the end of the US Civil war till the early Twentieth century. The third of such waves started in the Great Depression till date.
Sports gambling has long been illegal in America. Puritan attitudes while in the Colonial era were adopted towards sports and also other gambling, possession of cards, gaming tables, dice etc. Later on it was only allowed if this was not a trade but only innocent recreation. Early settlers had the view that gambling was only a harmless hobby. Gambling was likened to the frontier spirit as both of them involved opportunism, risk taking and high expectations.
Illegal sports betting has become linked to mobsters and organized crime in the US. Illegal sports gambling became a huge business for gang mobsters in the 1920s and 1930s. Organized bookmaking systems were set up by organized crime all over the nation. Horse racing betting became popular in those times.
In 1931 Nevada legalized casino gambling and here too organized crime took control over all the casino betting business. Mobsters controlled illegal nationwide wire services Trans America Wire and Continental Wire Service. Mobsters such as infamous Al Capone set up their own personal wire services to stop gamblers from taking any benefit of delays by making sure they posted winning wagers before formal results were out.
The Federal Government of the US cracked upon mobsters and organized crime during the 1950s and forced them outside the Nevada Casino gambling industry. But this did not deter the organized crime mobsters who took over illegal bookmaking. Law Enforcement authorities do acknowledge that independent bookies are operating in the nation yet it is obvious that organized crime still controls all of the big bucks in betting.
Animal fights also have a long history in the US in spite of the not so good reputation it’s got. Most animal fights involve dog fights and cock fights that have become popular with street gangs and big amounts of weapons and money usually are present in the course of these fights.
History of illegal gambling in sports reveals that cockfighting was illegal and banned by most states in the US during the 1800s. It remains illegal currently in 48 states. Legal issues in Minnesota makes any king of gambling bet Illegal. Thus any sort of card game where you’ve got to pay to participate in a game and possess chances to win money is a “bet” and thus also thought to be illegal gambling. It is important to keep in mind that the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 only refers to the funding of internet gambling not the actual act of betting.